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The cars were originally production models "stock" but are now highly modified. In the s, moonshine runners during the Prohibition era would often have to outrun the authorities.
To do so, they had to upgrade their vehicles—while leaving them looking ordinary, so as not to attract attention.
Eventually, runners started getting together with fellow runners and making runs together. They would challenge one another and eventually progressed to organized events in the early s.
The main problem racing faced was the lack of a unified set of rules among the different tracks. When Bill France, Sr. S, there was a requirement that any car entered be made entirely of parts available to the general public through automobile dealers.
Additionally, the cars had to be models that had sold more than units to the public. This is referred to as " homologation ". In NASCAR's early years, the cars were so "stock" that it was commonplace for the drivers to drive themselves to the competitions in the car that they were going to run in the race.
While automobile engine technology had remained fairly stagnant in World War II, advanced aircraft piston engine development had provided a great deal of available data, and NASCAR was formed just as some of the improved technology was about to become available in production cars.
At the time, it typically took three years for a new design of car body or engine to end up in production and be available for NASCAR racing.
However, the end of the Korean War in started an economic boom, and then car buyers immediately began demanding more powerful engines.
In , several notable events happened. The Automobile Manufacturers Association AMA banned manufacturers from using race wins in their advertising and giving direct support to race teams,  as they felt it led to reckless street racing.
This forced manufacturers to become creative in producing race parts to help racers win. Race teams were often caught trying to use factory produced racing parts that were not really available to the public, though many parts passed muster by being labeled as heavy-duty "police" parts.
Car manufacturers wanted to appear compliant with the ban, but they also wanted to win. This killed many spectators, and resulted in a serious overhaul of the safety rules, which in turn prompted the building of larger, more modern tracks.
However, even without official factory support or the use of fuel injection, Buck Baker won in driving a small-block V-8 Chevrolet Bel Air.
In , Ford introduced the F1 in a low drag Galaxie "Starliner" , but and '61 championships were won by drivers in powered Chevrolet Impalas.
Pontiac introduced their "Super Duty" in Catalinas that made use of many aluminum body parts to save weight, and the Pontiacs easily won in The desire from fans and manufacturers alike for higher performance cars within the restrictions of homologation meant that carmakers began producing limited production "special edition" cars based on high production base models.
It also became apparent that manufacturers were willing to produce increasingly larger engines to remain competitive Ford had developed a they hoped to race.
Also, even with heavy duty special editions sold to the public for homologation purposes, the race car rules were further modified, primarily in the interest of safety.
This is because race drivers and their cars during this era were subjected to forces unheard of in street use, and require a far higher level of protection than is normally afforded by truly "stock" automobile bodies.
In Ford sold enough of their aerodynamic "sport-roof" edition Galaxies to the public so it would qualify as stock, and with the heavy-duty FE block bored and stroked to the new limit of , the top five finishers were all Fords.
Chrysler had bored their to create the "Max Wedge" , but it still could not compete with the Fords. General Motors' headquarters had genuinely tried to adhere to the ban, but their Chevrolet division had also constantly tried to work around it, because the other manufacturers had openly circumvented the ban.
In GM gave in and openly abandoned compliance, and Chevrolet was allowed to produce the ZO6 , but it did not immediately enjoy success.
Then, in the new Chrysler Hemi engine so dominated the series [ citation needed ] in a Plymouth Belvedere "Sport Fury" , the homologation rules were changed so that 1, of any engine and car had to be sold to the public to qualify as a stock part, instead of just This made the Hemi unavailable for the season.
But even without the cammer, the Ford FE won in They began transporting the liquor in their personal cars at night, calling themselves "moon runners.
To give their cars an advantage, they began modifying the vehicles. Producers and runners would take ordinary cars and alter them slightly to make them capable of reaching high speeds.
The cars still looked like all the other automobiles on the road, but they could now beat law enforcement. Moon runners were constantly bragging about their exploits.
They boasted of making nighttime trips on dirt roads at more than mph kilometers per hour -- with no headlights. Soon, runners started racing on weekends, and stock car racing was born.
When Prohibition ended in , racing had become very popular, as did the practice of souping up cars.
The sport continued to grow through the next 15 years. By , it was a widespread sport, but different in every region. What does this mean? That both parties and three-quarters of the states were in agreement that Prohibition should end.
After the ratification, alcohol was once again legal in the United States. His motive was simple: In Florida, he could work on cars out of the cold and the snow.
Call it luck or call it fate, but France set up roots in Daytona Beach, Fla. Sign up here to see what happened On This Day , every day in your inbox!
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Its events are also covered by the media. Originally, a stock car is an automobile that has not been modified from its original factory configuration.
But later on, the term stock car meant any production-based automobile used in racing. The standards of stock cars have changed over the years and it now varies from country to country.Stockcar, auch Stock-Car oder Stock Car, bezeichnet in Amerika und Neuseeland eine in den er Jahren während der Prohibition in den Vereinigten Staaten entstandene Art des Motorsports, die ursprünglich mit Serienfahrzeugen ausgetragen wurde. Stockcar Racing Austria. Drivers start your engines! Professional oval track racing that explodes with stock car racing action! RACE MODES: Multiplayer - Race head to head against. Der englische Begriff „stock“ bedeutet Lager, sodass „stockcar“ so viel wie „Auto aus dem Lager“ heißt und eben Serienfahrzeuge bezeichnet. Heute sind.